5 Reasons Why Your Gums are Bleeding and How to Treat Them

Are you having issues with bleeding gums? You’re one of many!

Bleeding gums is one of the most common dental issues of patients of all ages. Some notice it when they brush their teeth and others when they eat. It may be due to many reasons, ranging from improper brushing and flossing techniques to more serious conditions such as gum disease or gingivitis.

Here is a list of common reasons why you are experiencing bleeding gums and how to address each one. So the next time you encounter the problem, you know the best thing to do!


1.    Brushing or flossing too hard

Aggressive tooth brushing can traumatize the gums and cause bleeding. The same thing happens when you push the floss too hard against the gums. When these habits are not addressed early, you may find that your gums are slowly pulling away from your teeth, revealing an unattractive smile.

Prevent these by using a soft-bristled toothbrush and being gentle when you brush your teeth. Also, when you are flossing, bring the floss gently through the contact, being careful not to traumatize the gums. Once in contact, floss in a “C-shape” manner where the floss curves on the base of the tooth instead of roughly pressing against the gums.


2.    Poor oral hygiene and gingivitis

Gum disease or gingivitis is the main cause of bleeding gums. This happens when dirt and plaque accumulates on the gum line and teeth surfaces causing red, inflamed, and tender gums. So whenever you brush your teeth or simply press the gums, it may hurt and easily bleed.

If left untreated, gingivitis can progress rapidly to periodontal disease and this will affect the bones surrounding your teeth. Eventually, you will not only experience bleeding gums but also loosening of the teeth and bad breath. Avoid this by picking up good oral hygiene habits and visiting your dentist frequently for regular dental check-ups and teeth cleaning.


3.    Wearing ill-fitting dentures or dental appliance

Dentures that are too tight when worn may impinge on certain areas of the gums. If not adjusted, it will eventually cause bleeding gums. As for dental appliances such as braces, these may have pointed metal ends. So if they are not properly adapted to fit into your mouth, the metal will scratch the gums and cause bleeding.

Make sure that before you leave the dental clinic, your dentures or dental appliance fit well and that they do not rock when you bite. But if you encounter the problem at home, immediately schedule an appointment to meet with your dentist for refining and adjusting.


4.    Pregnancy

Did you know that there is a higher likelihood of bleeding gums for pregnant women? This is largely attributed to pregnancy hormones. With the surge of hormones, the gums become swollen and tender. So during brushing, there is an increased chance that the gums will bleed. Also, pregnant women with morning sickness tend to have a more acidic mouth and this can contribute to gum issues, as well as cavities in the teeth.

The best dental advice for bleeding gums in pregnant women?  Continue practicing good oral hygiene and be more mindful of your diet. Proper tooth brushing and flossing will prevent gum problems from getting worse. And a healthy diet can help boost your immune system to keep your overall wellbeing in tiptop shape.


5.    Poor diet and health concerns

Lastly, unhealthy diet and medical problems are also prime culprits of bleeding gums. So, make sure that you intake a balanced diet, with food rich in Vitamin C, K and calcium. Avoid processed food as this can cause mild gum irritation.

Certain blood-associated diseases such as leukemia can also cause bleeding gums. And for patients medicating with blood thinners, it can be quite a problem when you simply scratch the gums or during dental procedures like teeth cleaning. Blood thinners reduce the blood’s clotting factor so the gums can easily bleed.


Treating bleeding gums is mostly all about preventative measures such as simple oral hygiene practices and regular dental visits. This can go a long way when it comes to keeping your gums healthy.


Gum Care at LiveHealthy Dental

But if you’re experiencing consistent, profuse, or uncontrolled bleeding on your gums and you do not know why, it is best to call your dentist for expert help. At LiveHealthy Dental, we aim to provide the most effective and efficient dental solutions so you can enjoy a happier and healthier smile!

Call us at (904) 998 7000 to schedule your appointment.